Musculoskeletal Pain

Musculoskeletal pains are those that affect the muscles, ligaments, tendons and bones.

Causes:

The causes of pain are varied. It is important to note that daily activities are an important factor and cause wear and damage to muscle tissue.

Injuries in different areas can cause musculoskeletal pain:

  • Spasmodic movements
  • Car accidents
  • Falls
  • Fractures
  • Sprains
  • Dislocations
  • Direct hits to the muscle

Other causes of pain include:

  • Postural Tension
  • Repetitive movements
  • Overuse
  • Prolonged immobilization

Changes in posture or poor body mechanics can cause spinal alignment problems and muscle shortening, which can consequently result in muscle aches and improper use of muscles. For more information, visit: WebMD

Symptoms:

Usually people with this type of pain, complain about their whole body aching. They feel that their muscles were overworked. Symptoms vary from person to person but the most common are:

  • Pain
  • Fatigue
  • Trouble sleeping

Diagnoses:

The physician should perform a complete physical examination and review of medical history. Further studies should be performed to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatments:

There are various types of manual or mobilization therapies, that can work to treat persons with spinal alignment problems. It has been demonstrates that these techniques can help speed the recovery of those that suffer intense and / or chronic musculoskeletal pain.

There are also some recommended medications, such as anti-inflammatory drugs, acetaminophen or non-steroidal opioids, that treat pain and inflammation.

For patients with musculoskeletal disorders such as fibromyalgia, there are some prescribed medications that can help increase levels of serotonin and norepinephrine. 

Other Treatments Include:
  • Injections with anesthetics or anti-inflammatory targeted in or around the pain points
  • Stretching and strengthening exercises for the muscles
  • Physical or occupational therapy
  • Acupuncture
  • Relaxation Techniques
  • Osteopathic manipulation (evaluation and treatment system designed to achieve and maintain health by restoring normal body functions)
  • Chiropractic Care
  • Therapeutic Massage